さいたまつり映え フォトコンテスト2018

流しびな歴史・見どころ

歴史

「流しびな」は平安時代に書かれた『源氏物語』の中にも登場します。光源氏が、陰陽師のおはらいとともに人形を乗せた舟を海に流したという話が載っています。

諸説ありますが、岩槻人形は江戸時代に始まったと伝えられています。岩槻は、桐たんすの生産地である春日部の隣に位置し、大量に出る桐の粉を土の代わりに、人形の頭を作る材料にしました。そうすることによって、壊れにくく精巧な人形を作ることができました。

岩槻は、現在でも「流しびな」をはじめ、人形にちなんだ行事が数多く開催されています。

 

The Nagashibina is a rite that even appears in the Tale of Genji, written in the Heian era (794-1185 CE). It appears in the passage where Hikaru Genji receives a Shinto purification from a diviner and sends a boat carrying a doll into the ocean.

While there are various theories on its origins, the most widely accepted one says that Iwatsuki dolls began in the Edo era. Iwatsuki is located adjacent to Kasukabe, which is a production region for paulownia chests of drawers. They used the vast quantities of paulownia powder that were produced there to make the dolls’ heads. This allowed for creating detailed dolls that were also robust and less prone to breakage.

Today, Iwatsuki is home to many events and activities based around dolls, among them the Nagashibina.

見どころ

ひな祭りのルーツとも言える「流しびな」。会場には平安時代を思わせる、風流な雰囲気が漂います。池に「さん俵(だわら)※1」を流す際には、束帯※2や十二単※3をまとったお内裏(だいり)様とお雛様も登場し、会場の視線を集めます。

人形を乗せた「さん俵」はひな人形の原型を模しており、池に「さん俵」を流すと、辺りは穏やかな空気に包まれます。

「さん俵」は一般の人も池に流すことができるので、子どもの健やかな成長と無病息災を願う親子連れと合わせ、園内がにぎわいます。

≪注釈≫
1、さん俵(だわら):藁で編んだ、人形やお供え物を乗せる円形の台盤のこと
2、束帯(そくたい):平安時代以降の、天皇以下公家んの正装(平安装束)
3、十二単(じゅうにひとえ):昔の女官の晴れの装束

 

The Nagashibina rite could be said to be the early origins of the Hina Festival. The venue is redolent with an elegant atmosphere suggestive of Japan’s Heian era. When releasing san-dawara*1 into the pond, festival dolls (dairi) representing the emperor and empress and wearing sokutai*2 and juni-hitoe*3 appear alongside the other dolls, drawing the attention of onlookers with their impressive garb.

The san-dawara act as pedestals for the dolls, and these combined vessels mimic the style of traditional hina dolls. As they are released, the environs are enveloped in a calming mood.

Members of the lay public are also invited to release san-dawara into the pond. The grounds are thronged with activity as families release the dolls and say a wish for the healthy growth of their children and family.

Editor’s note:
1. San-dawara: circular pedestals woven from straw and used to carry dolls and votive offerings
2. Sokutai: full ceremonial dress for Heian era nobility and the imperial family (also known as Heian garb)
3. Juni-hitoe: the formal dress of female courtiers in days of old

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